TURKEY
Eating habits of our Grandparents

According to our survey which was presented in Romania, we learnt following subjects from our grandparents;
Over the last century our eating habits have changed dramatically.
About fifty or eighty years ago, it was typical for a family to have their meals at the same time everyday. They had their breakfast at about 7 am, lunch at about 12 o’clock and dinner at about 6 p.m, so their body got used to knowing when to need food. This part of discipline helped to keep them slim and to waste food to minimum. Elders teach us to discipline our body.
On the other hand, most of us don’t have eating routine. We skip meals so we prefer snacks and coffe more. Snack was an unheard Word in the past but today we may eat snack more than a proper meal. We prefer temporary food.
To snack or not snack?
You decide which way is better for you?

We learnt how they used to prevent their food;
Canning: Old people used to hide their food for a long time thanks to canning a few decades ago. They firstly used to cook food to destroy the bacteria and close its cover.
Drying: This method is the most effective for foods because molds, bacteria and inc are appeared in a humid environment. It is an effective method of keeping food. It helps people to keep food for a long time by getting its juice away from the food.
Fermenting: People still make yogurt, chesee, olive, pickle, alcholic drinks and meat with this method.
Salting: Salting method is also an effective way to keep food from the bacteries by absorbing the juice of the food. By this way; bacteria cannot destroy the food

We talked about what the limits of the agriculture were
the limits of the agriculture in the past were,
-Government didn't help much to the farmers.They didn't give credit or any other facilities. Farmers tried to produce food by them selves without any help.
Farmers didn't know much about farming and what they knew was generally wrong. They weren`t educated by government about farming and quality of
-In the past people used to use fertilizer to heat their houses in the summers so,they coulden't find fertilizer to use for their fields,I mean vegetables and fruit
-Another problem was that irigation was really difficuld they coulden't find water to irrigate thier fields .Even if they could findit,it was really difficult to irrigate because irrigation was completelty done by people ,not by machines ,so it was really tiring for people to do it .

DISADVANTAGES OF EXTENSIVE FARMING.
Plato can not be grown in a natural enviroment. Efficiency is decreased unless it is cultivated with ferlizer or seeds. In extensive farming hormore is used in order to grow food faster. Natural life is not protected in extensive farming because machines are used

DISADVANTAGES OF INTENSIVE FARMING Efficiency is low because irrigation and fertilizing is not passible. Intensive farming requires great expense. Efficiency becomes less unless food is grown in a natural away. If the rains are lower efficiency is lower. It takes to much time. It is waited for fruit and vegetables producing season. The expense is high because the production is limited.

Extensive Farming
It is organic. It is saved from artificial fertilizers and energy fee. Soil and quality of product is higher because chemical drugs are not used much. It does not harm the environment. It offers job opportunity because human power is necessary.
Intensive Farming
Human power is reduced,machine power is incresed. Works finish quickly and easily. Intensive farming is preffered because of growing population. As the organic fertilizer isn’t enough,artificial manure is used. It increases and accelerate production.

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GREECE
Our Latest survey was presented during the trip to MIRON COSTIN (Galati) and was done to emphasise differences and similarities in the eating habits of people throughout the generations.

The questionnaires were made by our students and answered by the students, parents and grandparents. However we interviewed not only our grandparents, but also the elderly at the Elderly Association Centre of our area. Finally we were able to gather 145 questionnaires including 3 age groups and got valid results.

Here is what we found and you can verify the findings with our presentation below.








BASQUE COUNTRY
This is the presentation we worked out for the visit to Galati. For this presentation we focused on the eating habits our grandparents used to have and the impact their life style had in the enviroment.We collected the information by interviewing some school granddparents. Click on the link below to have access to a prezi presentation and a short video that summarizes this information:
"On 22nd april some granparents came to school. They told us what they used to eat when they were children like us. This is what we learnt:
- Our granparents eating habits were healthier than ours. Everything they had was natural. They produced their own products. They got some products from the land: cereals to make bread ( wheat and corn), cabbage, leaks, onions and beans ...They also got some products from anilmals: milk from cows and sheep to drink and make cheese and desserts, meat from pigs, honey from bees...
- They bought very few things: chickpeas, rice, oil, chocolate, sugar, coffee...- They had products from the different parts of the food wheel: for breakfast and dinner they ate a kind of porridge called " morokile" which was made with corn flour, water and milk.; for lunch they ate cabbage or " porrusalda" a kind of leaks cream, they used to eat chickpeas or rice at weekemds.
They ate meat sometimes during the weeek. They also had seasonable fruit like : apples, pears, grapes, wild strawberries..; and nuts: walnuts, chestnuts and hazelnuts.
- They didn´t eat any fast food and they had very little sugar because they had to buy it.
- Not everything was good , though, The had very little food variety and they didn´t have much meat and almost no fish at all.
- They had more sustainable habits: they produced food only for themselves so they didn´t exploit the land. They didn´t pollute because they didn´t use any chemicals and food was not transported from a place to another. Everybody had something to eat , they didn´t need money to buy food.They didn´t have a tap at home so they had to fetch water from fountains and streams. They didn´t use either plastic or paper and they used the same glass bottle once and again to buy oil, or any drink at the local shop.
- They produced very little waste and it was used for different purposes: They fed the animals with some vegetable waste, the rest was usually burnt in the fireplace."

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CZECH REPUBLIC

Following lines will show you how our childen did research about their grandparents´eating habits.

Grandma, grandpa, what did you have for snack?
Rozhuda, pancakes, kosmatice, caraway seeds soup, shumplaty, shuska, semlgranny or black cube with slippery ice … such were the answers of our grannies - Mrs Springerová and Mrs Machoňová to a question What did you eat as a child? These two ladies were invited to our class 1A within our Erasmus+ project to remember back their school years and to answer our questions. They brought hand made aprons, placemats and various dishes and crockery used in kitchens in the past. Mrs Machoňová together with children prepared curd spread which the children made themselves, spread on bread and tasted. It was really delicious! Mrs Springer baked black cube with slippery ice, we went through her 70 year old cookery-book and on top of everything at the end of our meeting she read a fairytale from a book for us. We really enjoyed their talking.
Class 1A and Hana Hribová

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Grandma is reading from a 70-year-old cook book.
Children are guessing what these tools were for.
Grandma is talking about various tools for cooking.
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Making rozhuda (cheese spread), putting hands on it is always the most attractive activity.
A recipe used by our grannies.
Deserved reward. After so much information children were allowed to experience the taste of our grandparents.
Interview with our grandparents
Some pupils in our school interviewed their grandparents about food and eating.
They asked these questions:
1.a) What did you eat for breakfast, lunch or dinner?
b) Did you eat between meals?
2. Is it now any meal or foodstuff which was not when you were in my age?
3. Was some meal or foodstuff what you donť eat today or today is not available ?
4. How it was with availability of all foodstuff?
What they found out is:
  • As for availability of food it was limited. Our grannies had limited amount and choice of food.
  • They had only Czech fruits or vegetables, they had to queue and they could have only 0,5 kg per one person.
  • When our grandparents were in our age, they didn´t have hamburgers, limes, chips, peppers, cucumber, tomatoes.
  • For breakfast they usually had bread with butter and coffee from melts.
  • For lunch they had meal from the school.
  • For dinner they had what was at home.
  • Meals what our grannies had when they were younger are:
    švesťáky
sypánky
bramboračka (soup with potatoes and mashrooms)
šuměnky
  • They loved cheese which was made in the past, it can´t be compared with cheese or milk which is now.
  • They had lot of thing for eating what we have now, but we can´t compare it, because it´s completely different quality.
  • They didn´t eat between the meals, and if yes it was just old, yesterday bread.

The oldest children in a senior house




Pupils from class 8 have prepared some presentations about eating habits of our grandparents. Some of the pupils made an interview with their grannies and some of them visited Planá´s senior house. In the following lines you can read their summary. And watch their presentations.

SUMMARY

We have found that average number of person in family was 5. Family could eat meat only on Sunday so on other days they were cooking meatless food. When family was living in a village they were growing and planting everything for themselves. In the past the families didin´t have a lot of fruit. Now we have many kinds of fruit but it has not that much quality as that fruit some decades ago. Bread was much better than bread today.



Lot of food was on allocation. In the past they didn´t need chemicals against plant infection because there was not any plant infection then. Some years ago there was not lot of milk products, for example: ice-cream. Daily allocation of milk for adult was 800 ml and for children 1l.

Food in the past and today 1

Food in the past and today 2

Food in the past and today 3

Food in the past and today 4

BULGARIA

Food Now And Then
Meeting Elderly At School
Some of the old members of our school community told us stories about food fifty-sixty years ago.
They shared some recipes.We talked about ingridiends and spices, quality of food and cooking techniques.
We found out that some of the dishes are very actual today.
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We are learning how to read and, more important, how to decode the food labels.We brought food labels from home.We discussed pros and cons of our favorite foods.
It was useful and amusing.Now we know how to do the shopping and what foods are good for us

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Our 3 rd graders made these projects on healthty food.
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ROMANIA




Our grandparents used to eat different foods when they were children.They had 3 meals a day and the most important of them was lunch.
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For breakfast they ate milk,cheese, eggs, bacon, depending on the season.
For lunch they had soup and vegetable(beans, potatoes) or meat dishes(pork, chicken,sausages), again depending on the season. They sometimes ate fish.
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On Wednesdays, Fridays and at lent time our grandparents didn’t eat any animal products.
Our grandparents grew fruit and vegetables in their garden and had some animals-a pig, a cow and some poultry. They didn’t buy much food from shops-salt, sugar, pepper.The bread was homemade and they ate polenta every day.
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Sunday was an important day and all the family had lunch together after coming back from church.