BEFORE
SURVEY ON EATING HABITS ( BULGARY)
General Questions:
Only 11% have two meals daily. 27% have three meals a day. 42% have 3 main meals and a snack between them. 4% have 3 main meals and two snacks between them. Only 16% have one meal da half.
Less than half of the students (48%) have breakfast. Only 4,6% skip breakfast and 47,4% sometimes have breakfast. Most children have eggs, ham, breakfast, fruit and fruit juice for breakfast.
74,9% (students and parents) have dinner at home everyday. 12% do not have dinner. 6,9% do not answer.
As a whole, 63% have meals at home, 21,7% go to restaurants and spend on the average less than 25€. 4,4% do not answer.
Most children have dinner with their parents. It takes them about half an hour.
45% have meals prepared by their mothers and 11,5% prepared by their fathers. 43,5% have meals prepared by themselves.
An average family have fish once a week and meat almost everyday.
38,8% use sunflower oil for cooking, 11% use olive oil and 50,2% - butter.
Generally speaking students and their parents prefer drinking water and fruit uice to soft drinks. As for hot drinks, children prefer hot chocolate and parents-coffee.
Shopping:
Almost 62,7% do the shopping at the supermarket, usually at the weekend (72%). It takes them about an hour (64%). 43,8% use trolleys and 47% have a shopping list.
4% do their daily shopping at local shops. 39,6% read the labels of the products and are aware of preservatives, artificial colours or flavours. 51,8% are more interested in price than in quality.
Litter:
26,8% recycle paper. About 14% recycle everything.Only 6,8% do not recycle.
Healthy Habits:
46,2% know that health depends on food. 29,9% believe that they eat healthy food and 54,7% drink 1-2l mineral water a day. 51,9% think they have to go on a diet. 72% clean their teeth and wash their hands regularly. 53% admit having learnt about basic hygienic habits and healthy food at school.


Food Now And Then
If we have to describe food 50-60 years ago,we have to call it in the first place “natural” and simple”. It also was without preservatives,artificial flavours, colorrings and additives. Our grandparents ate mainly meals prepared at home with ingredients usually grown in their own gardens or bought from the local market.There were some very popular dishes.Here are their recipes.

1. Kachamak/Hominy- a kind of maize porridge .Sometimes potatoes, white cheese or kaymak are added.It is served with browned paprika or hot peppers.It is often garnished with cracklings or sirene(cheese).

2. Katak (sour cream)- a very old dish, which comes from proto-Bulgarians. It is made from sheep’s yoghurt;cheese, butter, cloves of garlic and salt.The yoghurt in strained in cheese cloth for 10 hours.The cheese is grated and stirred well with butter.Then yoghurt,salt and the pressed garlic are added.
Katak is served chilled in forms of balls.

3. Tarhana is a kind of thick soup.It is made from kvass (fermented mixture from flour, water and bacteria),katak,water,bread without crust and salt.The kvass is put in water.Then some katak and salt are added and stirred.Finally the bread is crumbled and added to the mixture.

4. Bakla(broad beans).The beans are boiled.When they are ready they are peeled.Then oil and onion are added.The dish is flavored with salt and pepper.Then more water is added.The beans are left to simmer until squash is formed.

5. Giuveche- a delicious combination of frankfurters,cheese,yellow cheese,tomatoes,hot peppers,olives,oil,salt,black pepper,savory and parsley.
The frankfurters are cut into slices and placed in a small earthen waredish (called giuveche).
The tomatoes, two kinds of cheese,olives and oil are added.Everything is sprinkled with the spices and put in the oven at 200C for 20 min.Then 1 egg is put on top.When the egg is ready the dish is served hot.Some yellow cheese could be grated on it.

Conclusions:
Some of the old recipes we learned from our grandparents are extremely popular today.The dishes mentioned above can be found even in expensive restaurants. We often prepare them at home.Some of them are sold as ready-to-cook foods for example kachamak or even completely ready for consuming such as katak. But there is a big difference in quality and origin of the ingredients.Nowadays products are much more artificial and sadly imported.
Therefore the ability to read food labels and decode them is very useful.Let’s learn how.

AFTER
SURVEY ON EATING HABITS ( BULGARY)
General Questions:
Only 4,3% have two meals daily. 32,7% have three meals a day. 50% have 3 main meals and a snack between them. 8,7% have 3 main meals and two snacks between them. Only 4,3% have one meal da half More than half of the students (63%) have breakfast. Only 2,2% skip breakfast and 34,8% sometimes have breakfast. Most children have eggs, ham, breakfast, fruit and fruit juice for breakfast.
81,9% (students and parents) have dinner at home everyday. 12% do not have dinner. 6,9% do not answer.
As a whole, 68% have meals at home, 15,7% go to restaurants and spend on the average less than 25€. 4,4% do not answer.
Most children have dinner with their parents. It takes them about half an hour.
37% have meals prepared by their mothers and 15,2% prepared by their fathers. 17,4% have meals prepared by themselves.
An average family have fish several times a week and meat not everyday.
26,1% use sunflower oil for cooking, 21,7% use olive oil and 41,3%-butter.
Generally speaking students and their parents prefer drinking water and fruit uice to soft drinks. As for hot drinks, children prefer hot chocolate and parents-coffee.
Shopping:
Almost 56,5% do the shopping at the supermarket, usually at the weekend (67%). It takes them about an hour (60,9%). 38,6% use trolleys and 51,1% have a shopping list.
10,9% do their daily shopping at local shops. 47,8% read the labels of the products and are aware of preservatives, artificial colours or flavours. 43,5% are more interested in price than in quality.
Litter:
39,1% recycle paper. About 45,7% recycle everything.Only 2,2% do not recycle.
Healthy Habits:
50% know that health depends on food. 34,8% believe that they eat healthy food and 63% drink 1-2l mineral water a day. 35,6% think they have to go on a diet. 76,1% clean their teeth and wash their hands regularly. 54,3% admit having learnt about basic hygienic habits and healthy food at school.


Food Now And Then
If we have to describe food 50-60 years ago,we have to call it in the first place “natural” and simple”. It also was without preservatives,artificial flavours, colorrings and additives. Our grandparents ate mainly meals prepared at home with ingredients usually grown in their own gardens or bought from the local market.There were some very popular dishes.Here are their recipes.

1. Kachamak/Hominy- a kind of maize porridge .Sometimes potatoes, white cheese or kaymak are added.It is served with browned paprika or hot peppers.It is often garnished with cracklings or sirene(cheese).

2. Katak (sour cream)- a very old dish, which comes from proto-Bulgarians. It is made from sheep’s yoghurt;cheese, butter, cloves of garlic and salt.The yoghurt in strained in cheese cloth for 10 hours.The cheese is grated and stirred well with butter.Then yoghurt,salt and the pressed garlic are added.
Katak is served chilled in forms of balls.

3. Tarhana is a kind of thick soup.It is made from kvass (fermented mixture from flour, water and bacteria),katak,water,bread without crust and salt.The kvass is put in water.Then some katak and salt are added and stirred.Finally the bread is crumbled and added to the mixture.

4. Bakla(broad beans).The beans are boiled.When they are ready they are peeled.Then oil and onion are added.The dish is flavored with salt and pepper.Then more water is added.The beans are left to simmer until squash is formed.

5. Giuveche- a delicious combination of frankfurters,cheese,yellow cheese,tomatoes,hot peppers,olives,oil,salt,black pepper,savory and parsley.
The frankfurters are cut into slices and placed in a small earthen waredish (called giuveche).
The tomatoes, two kinds of cheese,olives and oil are added.Everything is sprinkled with the spices and put in the oven at 200C for 20 min.Then 1 egg is put on top.When the egg is ready the dish is served hot.Some yellow cheese could be grated on it.

Conclusions:
Some of the old recipes we learned from our grandparents are extremely popular today.The dishes mentioned above can be found even in expensive restaurants. We often prepare them at home.Some of them are sold as ready-to-cook foods for example kachamak or even completely ready for consuming such as katak. But there is a big difference in quality and origin of the ingredients.Nowadays products are much more artificial and sadly imported.
Therefore the ability to read food labels and decode them is very useful.Let’s learn how.