SURVEY ON EATING HABITS ( RUMANIA)

Interpretation

The survey comprised 60 questions regarding eating habits. 140 people (students, families, and teachers) answered. According to the answers the majority of them79.1% have 3 main meals, being aware of the importance to have proper meals and only 2% have only 2 meals per day.
Most respondents (63.6%) have breakfast between 8-9 am, lunch 1-2 pm (65.1%) and dinner 7-8 pm (44.2%). As for those who have snacks between meals, 50.4% have one between 10-11am and 66.7 between 4-5pm.
Also more than half of the respondents (56.5%) have breakfast every day, while only 19% admitted not having breakfast every day.
According to the survey the food eaten at breakfast includes hot drinks, tea, coffee, milk, toast, cereals, eggs, bacon, fruit, sandwiches, cheese, and butter. Unfortunately there are very few people who have fruit and vegetables (12.5% and 5.3%)
The snacks during the day consist of fruit or vegetables, teas and sweets. Energizing drinks are preferred by 11.4 of the respondents
The results of the survey indicate that most people have only 1-2 foods for breakfast (44.2%-41.3%).
For most respondents (44.2%) breakfast is the most important meal of the day, but for 38%, lunch is the most important.
In most cases all meals are served at home every day and during week-ends.
The food is generally cooked by parents (mothers) and in very few cases by other people (grandparents, children themselves).
It is also noticed that 10.7% of the respondents have never eaten lunch or dinner out, but 18% do this on certain occasions.
The places where the respondents prefer to take the meals are fast food restaurants (54.6%), or restaurants serving traditional food.
The money spent on lunch/dinner for 2 people varies from 25-30 € (30.6%) or less, only 19.8% spend 75-100 €.
All the 3 main meals are eaten together with the family, especially dinner, maybe because this is the time when all the family members are at home.
The time allocated to meals is about 30’ for breakfast and dinner and 30’-60’ for lunch, for most subjects. 33.9% never go to bed without dinner, while 19.3% don’t have dinner.
A rather high percentage of people have snacks and pizza, sandwiches or even dinner while watching TV/work/play on the computer.
As for the types of food and the frequency they are eaten, 50% of the respondents eat fruit or vegetables every day, 43.8% eat dairy products every day, 36.4% eat meat several times a week, but not every day and 27.4% eat fish every day. There is also a rather high percentage of people who never eat fresh fruit/ vegetables, dairy products (5.4%) or fish (20.4%).
The most used drinks are water, fruit juices, milk and fizzy drinks.
Unfortunately the number of those who drink Cola, Sprite and other fizzy drinks every day is rather high (26.3%), only 19.3% admit they have never drank such drinks.
The oil most used for cooking is olive oil, but also sunflower oil.
Not more than 50% of the respondents produce their own food, especially fruit and vegetables (they have houses or relatives in the countryside).
The results of the survey indicate that the food is bought mainly from supermarkets (64.36%) and most people go shopping once a week (55.8%).
The subjects generally spend more than 1 hour to shop for food (50%), the reason for their choice of food being quality (37.1%), ingredients (29.5%) and price (24.8%).
66.3% of people use to carry shopping bags or trolleys with them.
The survey also indicates that most people read the labels of the products (40.8%), but there are also many who don’t do this (36.7%).
Most people make a shopping list before going shopping to avoid to buy too much food.
39% of the respondents claim that they pay attention to the additives.
The leftovers that are recycled are, according to the survey, paper (30.8%) and plastic (26.9%). Most respondents do not recycle organics to make compost.
As for the healthy habits, 54.8% of the respondents think that the food they eat influence their health, 26% think that food is not the only factor that influences their health.
54.1% think that fast food is not healthy and 38.7% consider that they eat healthy food. Unfortunately a significant percentage (12.3%, 23.6%) are not interested or do not know if they eat healthy food.
Most people interviewed know the hygienic rules associated with food and eating and apply them every day (78.4%, 75.2%). Many of them are satisfied with their weight (48.6%).
More than 50% consider that they drink enough liquids, i.e. 1-2 litres.
Most respondents admit that they have learned about healthy food at school. Being asked how they appreciate a meal, 24.8% would chose a tasty looking dish, 22.9% would chose something expensive and 22.9% would chose something nutritious.
For lunch most people prefer traditional food, followed by pizza, pasta, meat, fish.
In conclusion, we can say that there is some interest for healthy eating habits, mainly developed in school and that the subjects are generally aware of the importance of food for their health. At some time respondents give importance to choosing food according to its content and the nutrients. It is important to underline that there are still many things to do regarding the quality of fresh fruit and vegetables that should be eaten on a daily basis. There are also other issues to be dealt with, such as recycling, reducing food waste and avoiding fast food and fizzy drinks.
It’s obvious that many eating habits are influenced by the family income and level of education.